types of brahmin caste
Utkala Brahmin is also known as Utkal Brahmin is a Brahmin caste in India. A List of Brahmin Communities Compiled by Vikas Kamat First Online: April 01, 2003 Page Last Updated: September 11, 2020 The following is a list of Brahmin communities of India. In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmins accounted for 4.32% of the total population. The Kulinas formed the higher ranking clans. Lord Rama of Ayodhya had organized Ashwvamedha Yajna to get rid of Brahm-Hatya (Killing of a Brahmin-Ravana* who was a Brahmin by birth). Karnataka, Telangaa, Dravida, Maharashtra and Gurjarat form the Pancha Dravida There is a territorial division that divides the Brahmins broadly into two parts: Panch Gour (The five northern Brahmins) and Panch Dravida (The five southern Brahmins). Men were more literate than the women from any caste. The land between Gandaki and Kaushiki rivers is known as Maithil land. Aupamanyava 8. The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). The Nepalese caste system is an impact and influence of the ancient and orthodox Indian caste system. 1). There are five Dravid lands- Karnataka, Maharashtra,Tailang, Dravid and Gurjar. Hukman Bhal 29. 23, 1993, pp. However, some do consume milk products or fish, particularly in mountainous or desert areas where produce is scarce. Punjab is the land of Saraswats. The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. “Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India.” Ars Orientalis, vol. All dogra brahmins are saraswat. Kalabodhanaâ¦ RÄdhi (also RÄá¹hi in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. Saraswat, Kanyakubja, Gaud, Utkala and Mithila form the Pancha Guada 2. in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. Darbhas 19. Atreyasa / Atri 3. In Andhra Gordon, Stewart. Babhravya 9. Indeed, occupational surveys of Brahmin families in the 20th century found that less than 10% of adult male Brahmins actually worked as priests or Vedic teachers. Nonetheless, the traditional association between the Brahmin caste and priestly duties remains strong. Brahmin is the highest Varna in Vedic Hinduism. Brahmins even in Uttar Pradesh, where they were most numerous, constituted just 12% of the recorded population. The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus: 1. But some of Brahmins went to Ayodhya & participated in Yajna & also accepted the gifts (Daan). Most of the Brahmins did not think proper to attend this Yajna & accepting the Daan of from a person who is involved in a Brahm-Hatya. Traditionally, the Brahmins served as the spiritual guides and teachers of the Kshatriya princes and warriors, preaching to the political and military elites about the dharma, but today they perform ceremonies for Hindus from all of the lower castes. Harita/ Haritasa 28. Web site best viewed at 1024x768 resolution. Chikitasa 16. 5. Saraswat brahmins. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. The Utkala Brahmins are one of the five Pancha Gouda Brahmin Vindhyas. Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. Bihar and Bengal are the land of Maithil. This may be true; however, his father was a king, which usually aligns with the Kshatriya (warrior/prince) caste instead.". Rishiswar, Sanadhya, Kanyakubj, Telang, Saryupareen, Bhumihar, Goswami, Tyagi, and Saraswati are the main streams of Brahmin. Many wonât be able to tell you their caste (Not all Patelâs are the same caste- there are different types of Patidars, also there are Patidars who donât have the last name Patel). The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. Jamadagni 30.  The Bhumihars claim Brahmin status, and are also referred to as Bhumihar Brahmin. In the very beginning, there was only one category of Brahmins, later they were categorized on basis of their lands (areas) as Gaur and Dravid. Pages in category "Brahmin communities" The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. “The Marathas 1600–1818.” Cambridge University Press, 1993, doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521268837. Later 120 categories of Brahmins were developed among them. The six proper activities, ranked from the highest to the lowest, are teaching, studying the Vedas, offering ritual sacrifices, officiating at rituals for others, giving gifts, and accepting gifts. Charora 15. Chandilya 14. Ahabhunasa 7.  Is there a sub caste Brahmin Kshathriya and gotra as Birthare. You can download the word docx and pdf formats . It seems likely that the caste and its priestly duties developed gradually over time, and probably were in place in some form long before the Gupta era. In punjab 80% brahmins are Brahmin is considered as a member of the priestly caste of the country. anyone who violates that rule. Madhesi Brahman, Nurang, Rajput, Kayastha 2. The Vindhya mountain range, which lies in central India, divides the country into â¦ Patelâs arenât caste conscious in 2nd Gen. Later 120 categories of Brahmins were developed among them. Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. Rituals to Be Followed Daily for Balanced Life. Find all the castes and their sub-castes list in India here. Angad 5. Bhargava 11.  Interestingly, the Brahmins only show up in the historical record around the time of the Gupta Empire, which ruled from circa 320-467 CE. This does not mean that they did not exist prior to that time, however. Gaubhilya 26. Lord Rama invited all Brahmins of Aaryavart (who till then were only Kanyakubja). The caste system has evidently been more flexible, in terms of appropriate work for Brahmins, than one might expect. Jatukarna 31. They are âPancha-Gauda Brahminsâ from North India and âPancha-Dravida Brahminsâ from the South India. Copyright Â© Kanyakubj Brahmin Mahasabha, 2009-2020. Both of them have five subcategories in themselves (panchgaur and panchdravid). In Hinduism, there is the concept of âVarnaâ system where the society is stratified into four âVarnasâ or castes - Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Sudras.. â¢ Gaud Saraswat Brahmin â¢ Daivadnya Brahmin â¢ Thanjavur Marathi â¢ Marathi people Deshastha Brahmins are a Hindu Brahmin subcaste mainly from the Indian state of â¦ 2001. Before diving into the Brahmin caste letâs see some of the discussion on how the caste system came to be. Bhaskara 13. There are the Following The simple About List of Brahmin surnames Gotras and communitiesFull Information With Brahmin, brahmana, brahmin caste list, brahmin surnames list, tribe, list of gotras, rishi, top brahmins and ritual. In some cases, such work precludes the Brahmin in question from carrying out priestly duties, however. ABC-CLIO. Mohyals - the warrior Brahmin race. At the other extreme, if an untouchable dared to draw water Examples: "Some people believe that the Buddha himself, Siddharta Gautama, was a member of a Brahmin family. The Pancha-Gauda Brahmins have further been divided into five classes. Across the subcontinent, other Brahmins are also believed to have switched from the traditional Therefore, they did not participated Ashwvamedha Yajna. Iyer (also spelt as Ayyar, Aiyar, Ayer or Aiyer) is a caste of Hindu Brahmin communities of Tamil origin. Agastya 2. Brahmin Kshatriya belongs to the offspring of a Brahmin Father and a Kshatriya woman. *Ravana,the wicked king ruled Lanka & was born to Brahmin rishi Vishrava and Kekasi who belongs to a Rakshas clan. The famous Books of âPanchatantraâalso here All the More mentions the list of the Brahmins name as Mitra Sharma, Susharma, Dev Sharma etc. The population of India that is considered a member of the Brahmin caste according to the article âThe Joshua projectâ is about 60,481,000 people. Brahmins are vegetarian, in keeping with Hindu beliefs in reincarnation. In this article I will share Brahmin surnames list in India based on my ongoing research on Brahmins. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. Brahmins study the religious texts, such as the Vedas and the Puranas, and teach members of other castes about the holy books. For example, a Brahmin who begins farming (not only as an absentee land-owner, but actually tilling the land himself) may be considered ritually contaminated, and can be barred from later entering the priesthood. At one time Bihari Brahmins were famous for their scholarship and erudition and Mithila  produced one Vedic scholar after another starting from Yajnavalkya. The early Vedic writings do not provide much by way of historical detail, even on such apparently important questions as "who are the priests in this religious tradition?" How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win? 1. Activities that are forbidden to Brahmins according to the Manusmriti include making weapons, butchering animals, making or selling poisons, trapping wildlife, and other jobs associated with death. As in earlier times, most Brahmins actually made their living from work associated with the lower castes, including agriculture, stone-cutting, or working in the service industries. Brahman, also spelled Brahmin, Sanskrit BrÄhmaá¹a (âPossessor of Brahmaâ), highest ranking of the four varnas, or social classes, in Hindu India. Dhananjaya 21. Designed and hosted by Aadi Creations. Bhakdi 12. Utkala Brahmins are the historical caretakers of the Jagannath Temple in Puri. The Utkal is in the other side of Vindhyachal. Asher, Catherine B. This list may not reflect recent changes ().This page was last edited on â¦ History of the Brahmin Caste Among Kanyakubj,a all Brahmins of this area were Kanyajubja except Chaubeys of Mathura (Mathur) & Magadh (Pandas of Gaya). A Brahmin Gotra (Sanskrit à¤¬ à¤° à¤¹ à¤®à¤£ à¤ à¤¤ à¤°) is an exogamous unit used to denote the paternal lineage of individuals belonging to the Brahmin caste in the Hindu Varna system. They are a distinct category of Brahmins who combine military knowledge with learning, they strictly refrain from performing priestl y duties, often to the p oint of excommunicatin g anyone who violates that rule.  The majority reside in Tamil Nadu, India. There have been many debates on the origin of the caste system which has been a big sociological discussion and debate. Records from the classical and medieval periods in India mention men of the Brahmin class performing work other than carrying out priestly duties or teaching about religion. They specialised as priests (purohit, pandit, or pujari), teachers (acharya or guru) and protectors of sacred learning across generations. Galvasaya 23. For example, some were warriors, merchants, architects, carpet-makers, and even farmers. Gail Omvedt concludes that during the British era, the overall literacy of Brahmins and CKPs was overwhelmingly high as opposed to the literacy of others such as the Kunbis and Marathas. Major Brahmin Castes: Major Brahmin castes in the Indian Continent include Chitpavana Brahmins, Daivajna Brahmins, Deshastha Brahmins, Dhima Brahmins, Gouda Saraswat Brahmins, Havyaka In addition to the above major castes of Brahmins, there are several Brahmin subcastes. The Murderous Cult of Roman Diana and Her Sword-Wielding Priests, Biography of Chandragupta Maurya, Founder of the Mauryan Empire. Both Brahmins and Kayasthas in Bengal have followed a system that ranks the clans hierarchically. Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. Chyavana 17. They also perform temple ceremonies and officiate at weddings and other important occasions. Types of Brahmin Caste in India The Brahmin caste in India has been broadly divided into two divisions based on regions. The members of this caste have been originated from Saraswat Brahmins . Home | About Us | Committee | News and Events | Occasional Articles | Photo Gallery | Members. Alambani 4. “Government of the Raj 1858-1914.” UK Parliament. Christopher Pillitz /Image Bank/GettyImages. Specifically, the top three literate castes were Deshasthas, Chitpavans and CKPs. Dhanvantari 22. As late as the reign of the Maratha Dynasty, in the 1600s to 1800s CE, members of the Brahmin caste served as government administrators and military leaders, occupations more typically associated with the Kshatriya. Interestingly, the Muslim rulers of the Mughal Dynasty (1526–1858) also employed Brahmins as advisors and government officials, as did the British Raj in India (1858–1947). In fact, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of modern India, was also a member of the Brahmin caste. Punjab is the land of Saraswats. Bhumihars, also called Babhan, are a Hindu caste mainly found in Bihar (including the Mithila region), the Purvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, and Nepal. In jammu 90% brahmins are saraswat, in kashmir all pundits are saraswats. Like Like Reply ramanan50 says: 6 Apr 2016 at 22:38 No. Brahmin are a varna (class) in Hinduism. A Brahmin is a member of the highest caste or varna in Hinduism. Iyers are sub-divided into various sub-sects based on cultural and regional differences.